According to the data from the Ministry of Science and Technology, by the end of last year, the output of new energy vehicles in China had exceeded 500,000, with more than 1 million vehicles in possession, accounting for 50% of the world's total. At present, there are more than 30 new energy automobile projects under construction in various regions, and more than 170 new energy automobile manufacturers. According to the projects approved this year and the production planning issued by major automobile enterprises, the production capacity of new energy vehicles is expected to reach 5 million by 2020, and the development of new energy vehicles in China is entering a period of rapid growth.
On June 6, at the 2017 International Electric Vehicle Demonstration City and Industry Development Forum, one of the important side meetings of the 8th Ministerial Conference on Clean Energy, with the theme of "Deepening the Global Multilateralization Cooperation and Promoting the Transition of Transport Electricization", the experts at the meeting discussed the construction and expectations behind the broad prospects of the new energy vehicle industry.
Fostering new energy consumption proposition
Speeding up the cultivation and development of new energy vehicles based on electric vehicles can not only effectively alleviate the pressure of energy and environment, but also promote the transformation and upgrading of the automotive industry and cultivate new economic growth points. At the same time, for consumers, the development of new energy vehicles has impacted on the traditional concept of gasoline vehicle travel, gradually changing people's purchase choices.
According to the Urban Survey of Consumers of New Energy Private Vehicles in China, new energy vehicles can basically meet the daily travel needs of users. After it enters the family, the travel intensity of the gasoline vehicle decreases significantly, and the substitution effect of the new energy vehicle is obvious. And the cost of car purchase and the diversified choice of products have become the main reasons for consumers to choose new energy vehicles.
It is worth noting that the influence of the construction of self-owned piles on the decision-making of new energy automobile users can not be underestimated. "More than half of users said they would not choose to buy new energy vehicles if they could not build their own piles. In this regard, the smooth construction of self-owned piles urgently needs strong policy guarantees. Xing Yan, a researcher at Shanghai New Energy Vehicle Public Data Acquisition and Monitoring Research Center, said that in Beijing, Shanghai and Linyi, where self-owned piles are the main charging mode, Shanghai has the smallest pile resistance, while Beijing and Linyi have larger pile resistance in property licensing.
"New energy vehicles mainly as new vehicles into the family, should take into account the dual objectives of urban congestion and environmental protection, and promote consumers to replace new energy vehicles in stock. For example, in the construction of self-owned piles, there is no lack of targeted policies and infrastructure services. Xing Yan said that under the background of the decline of the national monetary incentive policy year by year, the local government should speed up the formulation of non-monetary incentive policy, form a combination with the national policy, create a soft environment for the promotion and application of new energy vehicles, and support the sustainable development of new energy vehicles.
Data show that by the end of April 2017, Beijing has promoted 129,900 new energy vehicles in various fields, of which 733,300 new pure electric vehicles were added in 2016. The service and supervision behind the huge numbers have become the focus of social attention. Niu Jinming, director of Beijing New Energy Vehicle Development Promotion Center, introduced to reporters that Beijing has built an intelligent charging and switching service platform with large data analysis, multi-dimensional pile-finding, interconnected payment and other services, and realized real-time monitoring of power battery status information, vehicle operation location, fault prediction and other operational services and management throughout the day to ensure the safety of new energy vehicles.
"At present, the implementation of the new national standard for charging piles has greatly improved the charging efficiency and made it convenient for users to use. The new energy automobile market has tremendous room for growth. Especially among the 70% of private users, the stake-setting rate is close to 70%. This kind of development potential is very considerable. Niu Jinming added that there are 14,000 rental cars scattered in many operating companies in Beijing. How to promote the interconnection and sharing of resources has become the general trend of local development of new energy automobile industry.
Solving User's "Mileage (Matching, Pictures, Inquiries) Anxiety"
In the promotion of new energy vehicles, it is necessary to face many challenges, such as infrastructure construction, supporting services, recycling and utilization, and even experience the process of changing consumers'travel and energy concept.
"When many customers consider buying electric cars, the first thing they think about is how much mileage to drive. In fact, it's just a worry. His subconscious is to know if it's difficult to find a charging post." Wan Gang, Minister of Science and Technology (click to see the latest person news), said that the sustained and healthy development of the electric vehicle industry, first of all, we need to remove the obstacles in the infrastructure needed for the construction of electric vehicles, such as the installation of charging piles, the need to strengthen the construction of charging piles, hydrogenation stations and so on.
At present, there are still some problems in pure electric vehicles, such as long charging time and difficulty in the distribution of charging posts. To make automobile fuel replenishment as fast as refueling and as pollution-free as electric vehicles, Yu Zhuoping, director of the Center for Cooperative Innovation of Intelligent New Energy Vehicles, believes that the development of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles is an effective way to enhance user experience and achieve energy-saving and environmental protection.
"Urban air pollution is aggravating, and it is inevitable that administrative measures alone will result in high pressure and low efficiency. At present, our country has basically mastered the technology of vehicle power system and parts. In the future, we should focus on solving the technical problems of multi-new energy vehicle industrialization. Yu Zhuoping told reporters that it is foreseeable that with the participation of more scientific research institutes, universities and enterprises and the continuous technological breakthroughs, the development opportunities of fuel cell vehicles have arrived.
Fuel cell technology has become the next outlet to promote the upgrading of new energy automobile industry. "SAIC is cooperating with Jiading Automobile City to launch 50 fuel cell 950 vehicles for commercial operation lease in Jiading District of Shanghai. The goal is to realize the commercial operation of the first self-developed reactor system module vehicle in China in the next month, and hopefully to put fuel cell vehicles on the market on a large scale." Cheng Jinglei, chief engineer of Shanghai Automobile Group Co., Ltd., said.
At the same time, the construction of hydrogenation stations should also be planned as soon as possible. According to the technology roadmap of Made-in-China 2025, the quality control and guarantee capability of batch production of key fuel cell materials should be realized by 2020, and the supporting infrastructure of hydrogen production and hydrogenation for hydrogen-powered vehicles should be basically improved by 2025, so as to form a certain competitiveness in the field of fuel cell vehicles.
"China has unique advantages in the utilization of hydrogen energy. For example, the adaptability between renewable energy and large-scale natural gas pipeline network for hydrogen transmission and distribution is very high, and the utilization of hydrogen energy has infinite possibilities (matching, pictures, inquiries). Ming Ping-wen, general manager of Xinyuan Power Co., Ltd., said that the company had built the first domestic 70 MPa hydrogen refueling station with scenery (matching, pictures, inquiries) to generate hydrogen, which can be used for the filling of the most advanced fuel cell vehicles in the world. "Next step, we hope to build the park into a 40 mu fuel cell micro-grid, realize two-way power supply, and greatly improve the charging efficiency."
Opening up Shared "Green Channel"
Can new energy vehicles get a piece of the economic wave of sharing? Locate the nearest electric car by mobile phone, and drive it after unlocking it, until it stops for the next customer to use. At the meeting, Wangang described such a scene to reporters. With the development of traditional automobiles restricted by various factors such as exhaust emissions, restrictions on purchasing, and so on, consumers are also deterred from buying electric vehicles by worries such as short mileage and long charging time. While solving the "urban diseases" such as environmental pollution and traffic congestion, electric vehicle time-sharing leasing, as a new business model, tries to open up a "green channel" for the new energy automobile industry.
"EVCARD, the time-sharing rental platform for electric vehicles, is our brand of pure electric and efficient shared automobiles." Cao Guangyu, general manager of Universal Car Rental Co., Ltd., said that EVCARD uses a charging method of 0.5 yuan per minute. App self-service car for the whole journey can be returned freely between different outlets, which greatly meets the needs of urban residents for short-distance travel. Cao Guangyu introduced that EVCARD would adopt electric vehicles with good quality, ranging from domestic brands Rongwei (microblog), Chery to imported BMW A3. At present, EVCARD has entered 24 cities in China, with more than 9500 electric vehicles, more than 3600 service outlets and 750,000 registered members. By 2020, EVCARD will cover more than 100 domestic cities, and the operating vehicles are expected to break through 300,000 barriers.
"Time-sharing leasing is a new business with advanced concepts and rapid growth. At present, there are more than 40 time-sharing leasing enterprises in China, with more than 40,000 operating vehicles, of which electric vehicles account for more than 95 percent." Ye Jianhong, an associate professor at the School of Transportation Engineering, Tongji University, who has been engaged in the study of new travel service modes for many years, said that a two-month survey of nearly 13,000 EVCARD users showed that the vast majority of users believed that new energy vehicles could meet their daily needs and were willing to take new energy vehicles into account when buying cars. This shows that EVCARD can help to change people's inherent prejudice against the usefulness and inconvenience of new energy vehicles, thus to some extent, increasing the new round of popularization of new energy vehicles.
In Ye Jianhong's view, in the next three to five years, China's electric vehicle time-sharing leasing industry will usher in a golden period of rapid development, which will inevitably lead to the further expansion of the scale of new energy vehicles.